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Interesting Sources on Jane Edna Hunter and Other Progressive Women



Block, Sharon. Rape and Sexual Power in Early America. Chapel Hill: University of      North Carolina, 2006. Print.

Feimster, Crystal Nicole. Southern Horrors: Women and the Politics of Rape and           Lynching. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2009. Print.

Hendricks, Wanda A. Gender, Race, and Politics in the Midwest: Black Club                   Women in Illinois. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1998. Print.

Hunter, Jane Edna. A Nickel and a Prayer: The Autobiography of Jane Edna                  Hunter. Ed. Rhondda Robinson. Thomas. Morgantown: West Virginia UP, 2011.        Print.

Shaw, Stephanie J. What a Woman Ought to Be and to Do: Black Professional                Women Workers during the Jim Crow Era. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1996. Print.


Journal Articles

Brosman, Catharine Savage. "Autobiography and the Complications of                            Postmodernism and Feminism." The Sewanee Review 113.1 (2005): 96-107. Web. 18 Apr. 2016. 

Burgess, Norma J.. “Gender Roles Revisited: The Development of the "woman's            Place" Among African American Women in the United States”. Journal of Black Studies 24.4 (1994): 391–401. Web.

       Carby, Hazel V. "Policing the Black Woman's Body in an Urban Context." 18.4          (1992): 738-55. Web. Carby is pretty opposed to the mentality that Black                  individuals were exploited and taken advantage of the way most historians              describe them. The way Carby describes Hunter’s relationship with the women        in her organization sounds almost like a general in regards to their soldiers.              Very formulaic with an end-goal not necessarily known by the men at                        the time. I wonder if Hunter honestly was that cold towards her women, or if              she truly had the purpose of creating A PURPOSE in these women’s’ lives               because they (at this point) still weren’t receiving the necessary education to           advance themselves in many cases. I would think that while Hunter would be           thrilled to see these black women able to work, sustain themselves and their           families, and be citizens of society- she probably was not so near-sighted. As           a woman of exceptional brilliance, I would think she would be looking toward           the ultimate end-goal of creating a society that focuses on the work ethic, and         not the worker.

Carlton-LaNey, Iris. “African American Social Work Pioneers' Response to                      Need”. Social Work 44.4 (1999): 311–321. Web...

Gamble, Vanessa Northington. "Reviewed Work: What a Woman Ought to Be and          to Do: Black Professional Women Workers during the Jim Crow Era. by Stephanie J. Shaw." The Journal of American History 83.4 (1997): 1426-427.        Web. 18 Apr. 2016. 

Harley, Debra A.. “Maids of Academe: African American Women Faculty at                     Predominately White Institutions”.Journal of African American Studies 12.1               (2008): 19–36. Web...

Jong, Greta De. "Reviewed Work: What a Woman Ought to Be and to Do: Black           Professional Women Workers during the Jim Crow Era. by Stephanie J. Shaw."       The Journal of American History 58.1 (1999): 114-16. Web. 18 Apr.       2016.

O’Donnell, Sandra M.. ““the Right to Work Is the Right to Live”: The Social Work             and Political and Civic Activism of Irene Mccoy Gaines”. Social Service                     Review 75.3 (2001): 456–478. Web.

      Prestage, Jewel L.. “In Quest of African American Political Woman”. The Annals       of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 515 (1991): 88–103.         Web.

Robinson, Gail, and Barbara Mullins Nelson. “Pursuing Upward Mobility: African              American Professional Women Reflect on Their Journey”.Journal of Black                Studies 40.6 (2010): 1168–1188. Web.

Wiegand, Wayne A.. The Wisconsin Magazine of History 76.4 (1993): 280–282.               Web.



Bradshaw, Jacquelyn. "Letter." Letter to Jane Edna Hunter. MS. Cleveland, Ohio.

       Bradshaw is giving an annual report to Hunter- 98 years after the association          was created and learned that the pride of the Phyllis Wheatley Association is            the steel drum band.


Manuscripts and Typescripts

Hunter, Jane E. “Last Will and Testament of Jane Edna Hunter” 1971 TS.                        “Collection of Dr. Rhondda Thomas.”  Clemson University. 

       She wanted to give the money to women who were deserving and who might          need it for future educational purposes.  She wishes to help “young women,            irrespective of race, born or resident in the State of South Carolina [,] first                inculcated in me the principles of Christian religion, and young women born or          resident in Ohio”.  She speaks of the Phyllis Wheatley Association and says it          is her “wish to leave my estate for a separate and other purpose still”



May, Allan R. "Lake View Cemetery Acknowledges Three Accomplished Members         of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority." Lake View Cemetery: The Heritage Fall             2008. Print. 1905 graduated from Hampton Training School for Nurses (now             part of Hampton University VA.  This is also the first time I noticed that Jane             was called the “Godmother of America’s Brown Daughters.”



"Pendleton Act (1883)." Our Documents. General Records of the United States             Government. Web. 18 Apr. 2016. <://                     flash=true&doc=48>.



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