Interesting Sources on Jane Edna Hunter and Other Progressive Women
Block, Sharon. Rape and Sexual Power in Early America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2006. Print.
Feimster, Crystal Nicole. Southern Horrors: Women and the Politics of Rape and Lynching. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2009. Print.
Hendricks, Wanda A. Gender, Race, and Politics in the Midwest: Black Club Women in Illinois. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1998. Print.
Hunter, Jane Edna. A Nickel and a Prayer: The Autobiography of Jane Edna Hunter. Ed. Rhondda Robinson. Thomas. Morgantown: West Virginia UP, 2011. Print.
Shaw, Stephanie J. What a Woman Ought to Be and to Do: Black Professional Women Workers during the Jim Crow Era. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1996. Print.
Brosman, Catharine Savage. "Autobiography and the Complications of Postmodernism and Feminism." The Sewanee Review 113.1 (2005): 96-107. JSTOR.org. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.
Burgess, Norma J.. “Gender Roles Revisited: The Development of the "woman's Place" Among African American Women in the United States”. Journal of Black Studies 24.4 (1994): 391–401. Web.
Carby, Hazel V. "Policing the Black Woman's Body in an Urban Context." 18.4 (1992): 738-55. Web. Carby is pretty opposed to the mentality that Black individuals were exploited and taken advantage of the way most historians describe them. The way Carby describes Hunter’s relationship with the women in her organization sounds almost like a general in regards to their soldiers. Very formulaic with an end-goal not necessarily known by the men at the time. I wonder if Hunter honestly was that cold towards her women, or if she truly had the purpose of creating A PURPOSE in these women’s’ lives because they (at this point) still weren’t receiving the necessary education to advance themselves in many cases. I would think that while Hunter would be thrilled to see these black women able to work, sustain themselves and their families, and be citizens of society- she probably was not so near-sighted. As a woman of exceptional brilliance, I would think she would be looking toward the ultimate end-goal of creating a society that focuses on the work ethic, and not the worker.
Carlton-LaNey, Iris. “African American Social Work Pioneers' Response to Need”. Social Work 44.4 (1999): 311–321. Web...
Gamble, Vanessa Northington. "Reviewed Work: What a Woman Ought to Be and to Do: Black Professional Women Workers during the Jim Crow Era. by Stephanie J. Shaw." The Journal of American History 83.4 (1997): 1426-427. JSTOR.org. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.
Harley, Debra A.. “Maids of Academe: African American Women Faculty at Predominately White Institutions”.Journal of African American Studies 12.1 (2008): 19–36. Web...
Jong, Greta De. "Reviewed Work: What a Woman Ought to Be and to Do: Black Professional Women Workers during the Jim Crow Era. by Stephanie J. Shaw." The Journal of American History 58.1 (1999): 114-16. JSTOR.org. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.
O’Donnell, Sandra M.. ““the Right to Work Is the Right to Live”: The Social Work and Political and Civic Activism of Irene Mccoy Gaines”. Social Service Review 75.3 (2001): 456–478. Web.
Prestage, Jewel L.. “In Quest of African American Political Woman”. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 515 (1991): 88–103. Web.
Robinson, Gail, and Barbara Mullins Nelson. “Pursuing Upward Mobility: African American Professional Women Reflect on Their Journey”.Journal of Black Studies 40.6 (2010): 1168–1188. Web.
Wiegand, Wayne A.. The Wisconsin Magazine of History 76.4 (1993): 280–282. Web.
Bradshaw, Jacquelyn. "Letter." Letter to Jane Edna Hunter. MS. Cleveland, Ohio.
Bradshaw is giving an annual report to Hunter- 98 years after the association was created and learned that the pride of the Phyllis Wheatley Association is the steel drum band.
Manuscripts and Typescripts
Hunter, Jane E. “Last Will and Testament of Jane Edna Hunter” 1971 TS. “Collection of Dr. Rhondda Thomas.” Clemson University.
She wanted to give the money to women who were deserving and who might need it for future educational purposes. She wishes to help “young women, irrespective of race, born or resident in the State of South Carolina [,] first inculcated in me the principles of Christian religion, and young women born or resident in Ohio”. She speaks of the Phyllis Wheatley Association and says it is her “wish to leave my estate for a separate and other purpose still”
May, Allan R. "Lake View Cemetery Acknowledges Three Accomplished Members of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority." Lake View Cemetery: The Heritage Fall 2008. Print. 1905 graduated from Hampton Training School for Nurses (now part of Hampton University VA. This is also the first time I noticed that Jane was called the “Godmother of America’s Brown Daughters.”
"Pendleton Act (1883)." Our Documents. General Records of the United States Government. Web. 18 Apr. 2016. <://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php? flash=true&doc=48>.